Doing business in Japan information
by Venture Japan
A vehicle in which an investor gives a commodity trading advisor -- usually a manager or broker -- discretion or authority to buy and sell futures contracts, either unconditionally or with restrictions. A type of discretionary account
The charge that a fund manager assesses to cover operating expenses. Investors are typically charged separately for costs incurred for outsourced services. The fee generally ranges from an annual 0.5% to 2% of an investor's entire holdings in the fund, and it is usually collected on a quarterly basis.
An approach that aims to preserve capital through any of several methods and under any market conditions. The most common followers of the market-neutral strategy are funds pursuing a long/short investment strategy. These seek to exploit market discrepancies by purchasing undervalued securities and taking an equal, short position in a different and overvalued security. Market-neutral funds typically employ long-term holding periods and experience moderate volatility.
A hedge-fund manager that selects asset allocations in anticipation of movements in the broad market.
A common hedge-fund structure through which a manager sets up two separate vehicles -- one based in the U.S. and an offshore fund that is domiciled outside the U.S. -- which serve as the only investors for a third non-U.S. fund. The two smaller entities are known as feeder funds, while the large offshore vehicle acts as the master fund. The purpose of such an arrangement is to create a single investment vehicle for both U.S. and non-U.S. investors.
Trading the stocks of companies that have announced acquisitions or are the targets of acquisitions. Seeks to exploit deviations of market prices from proposed exchange formulas.
An approach that seeks to exploit pricing differentials between various issues of mortgage-related bonds.
An investment style that combines several different approaches. The term often applies to funds of funds
An investment vehicle that is domiciled outside the U.S. and has no limit on the number of non-U.S. investors it can take on. Although the fund's securities transactions occur on U.S. exchanges and are executed by a U.S. manager, or general partner, its administration and audits are conducted offshore -- usually in a tax haven like the Cayman Islands. Because it is administered outside the U.S., non-U.S. investors and such U.S. investors as pension funds and other tax-exempt entities aren't subject to U.S. taxes.
An approach that seeks to produce the greatest possible returns by making aggressive investments in the most-efficient products at a given time. Such funds typically hold their investments for five to 30 days, based on the momentum of the investments' values. They usually experience low volatility.
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